Intellectual disabilities (ID) are neurodevelopmental disorders defined by impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning. Also known as mental retardation, it includes adults with below-average IQ and other adaptive behaviors that affect daily activities and communication.
As one of the leading home healthcare agencies in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, we’ll relay tips to effectively communicate to adults with intellectual disabilities.
When conversing with a mentally handicapped individual, allow additional time to exchange and absorb information. Some may have well-developed expressive communication skills, rather than receptive skills. As such, their response may at times imply good comprehension than the actual case, so make sure they fully comprehend the conversation.
Moreover, this can also cause delays in communication, most notably when responding to questions. Instead of repeating your question or remark, consider rephrasing it in a manner that’s easier to process, comprehend, and respond to.
It’s vital to use the appropriate language and tone as well. Use concrete language and avoid speaking to them as if they’re children. It’s just as important to listen attentively and be sensitive towards their tone of voice and nonverbal cues. This will significantly improve the way you communicate.
Furthermore, some individuals with intellectual disabilities may find it challenging to express what they’re feeling. In this case, it’s best to ask probing questions that they can easily answer to help you gain a better understanding. In some cases, it’s advisable to make use of disability care in Pennsylvania, especially when there’s a need for medical assistance.
Diversified Supportive Services believes in changing disabilities into possibilities. For more relevant content regarding mental health care, take a look at our blog. You can also learn more about our services through our site or call us at 215-673-2778.